What did early Christians believe? Their praise was their sacrifice.


“The Early Church understood praise, not the Lord’s Supper, to be the sacrifice of the New Covenant (Hebrews 13:15).”


After the Apostles died, and were received into the Lord’s presence, did early Christians remain faithful to their teaching, which was Christ’s?

What did these early Christians believe about worship and sacrifice?Timothy F. Kauffman is posting a series of articles answering these questions on his blog, Out of His Mouth. This is the intro from one of the posts:

… This series is a response to The Sacrifice Challenge, a challenge issued by Roman Catholic apologists who believe that the only possible fulfillment of Malachi 1:11 is Roman Catholicism’s sacrifice of the Mass. The Early Church, however, saw the sacrifice and incense of Malachi 1:11 to be “simple prayer from a pure conscience,” not a sacrifice of bread and wine.

Before Roman Catholicism came on the scene, the Early Church saw the Lord’s Supper as a memorial meal, and saw praise and thanks as the sacrifice of the New Covenant, in accordance with Romans 12:1 and Hebrews 13:15,

Take these links to read the first two articles in this multi-part series:



Here is the passage of Scripture in question: 

Malachi 1:10,11

10 Who is there even among you that would shut the doors for nought? neither do ye kindle fire on mine altar for nought. I have no pleasure in you, saith the Lord of hosts, neither will I accept an offering at your hand. 11 For from the rising of the sun even unto the going down of the same my name shall be great among the Gentiles; and in every place incense shall be offered unto my name, and a pure offering: for my name shall be great among the heathen, saith the Lord of hosts.

The Lord commanded us to preach the Gospel to every person, for it is the power of God unto salvation unto all those who believe (Romans 1:16). We must be equipped to preach to Catholics by knowing what they have been taught. We then can emphasize those things they need to grasp, particularly the finished character of the Lord’s work on our behalf, and the Word of God as our sole authority. 

Visit Timothy’s blog to learn from post-apostolic writers what was taught and believed in the early church about Malachi’s prophecy, and what Catholics claim in opposition to this.

Pray for Catholics. And pray for Christians as well, that they won’t be deceived into thinking that union with the Church of Rome is desirable on the grounds that it will foster world peace, or that in some way Rome is our true and ancient home. Pray that they will love the truth and maintain separation, and please God not man.

A word of caution. The discussions in the comment sections of the posts are sometimes intense. 


About Out of His Mouth blog:

Revelation 19:11-16 describes a white horse whose Rider is “called Faithful and True,” and whose “name is called The Word of God.” Out of His Mouth “goeth a sharp sword.” That sword is the Word of God. Out of His Mouth is a blog written by a former Roman Catholic, Timothy F. Kauffman, with a passion for wielding the sword of truth in defense of the faith, and refuting the errors in which he himself was once enslaved. Mr. Kauffman lives in Huntsville, Alabama with his wife, Jennifer and their four children.

Suggestions from Timothy for further study:

Sections 21, 22 and 23
21.  The Sacraments
22.  The Right Administration of the Sacraments
23.  To Whom Sacraments Appertain


A testimony – life in the midst of death


1 John 4:19

19 We love him, because he first loved us.

On March 26, 2010, twelve Mennonites who were travelling along I65 in Kentucky on their way to a wedding, were involved in a head-on collision. Ten of the twelve died on impact. Eight of the ten were members of the Esh family; one was a prospective son-in-law; another was a young friend. The head of the family, John Esh, was among the family members who died and was associate pastor of a Beachy Mennonite church. The family sang together as a ministry to the Lord. One of those who died was Jalen Esh, an adopted child of two months old. Jalen was buried at his mother’s feet.

April 10, 2010 article in Mennonite World Review: “Thousands mourn Ky. family  – Nine Beachy Amish Mennonites died in highway crash“.

“Killed were John Esh, 64; his wife, Sadie, 62; their daughters, Rose, 40; Anna, 33; and Rachel, 20; Rachel’s fiancé, Joel Gingerich, 22; John and Sadie’s son, Leroy, 41; Leroy’s wife, Naomi, 33; Leroy and Naomi’s adopted son, Jalen, 2 months; and family friend Ashlie Kramer, 22, of Franklin. Truck driver Kenneth Laymon, 45, of Alabama, also died.”


The testimony of the Esh family in life and in death. 





May God be praised! 

Daniel 12:2,3

And many of them that sleep in the dust of the earth shall awake, some to everlasting life, and some to shame and everlasting contempt.

And they that be wise shall shine as the brightness of the firmament; and they that turn many to righteousness as the stars for ever and ever.


For Catholic subscribers and visitors


As a former Catholic, it is important that I make this video available to you. I do this in obedience to the Lord and out of concern for you. Please give it a hearing,



1 Timothy 2:3-5

For this is good and acceptable in the sight of God our Saviour;

Who will have all men to be saved, and to come unto the knowledge of the truth.

For there is one God, and one mediator between God and men, the man Christ Jesus;



With gratitude to ChristianVoice08 YouTube Channel for uploading this video.


Faithful are the wounds of a friend; but the kisses of an enemy are deceitful.

Proverbs 27:6




Repent and trust in Jesus! I’m not saying to trust in some pretty picture of how an artist thought He looked, or a movie about Him that makes a lot of mistakes, but in Jesus Himself, as He is, as He is revealed in the Bible!

The Bible gets a lot of bad press. It’s an easy thing to mock, to talk about “Bible thumpers” and other things like that. But truly, He came to die for us, to reconcile us to His Father. We needed Him to do this for us, for we all have sinned, deserve to die, and have no way to make it right with God – no way to repay Him.

But Jesus accomplished what He came to do, and one day He will return. If you mock the idea of His return, because it is so long since He walked the earth, and because foolish or wicked people keep prophesying falsely about this, you need to remember what He said about it, and believe it:  

Matthew 24:44

44 Therefore be ye also ready: for in such an hour as ye think not the Son of man cometh.


Here is what the Old Testament – The Jewish Tanakh – says about His death on our behalf:


Isaiah 53

King James Version 

53 Who hath believed our report? and to whom is the arm of the Lord revealed?

For he shall grow up before him as a tender plant, and as a root out of a dry ground: he hath no form nor comeliness; and when we shall see him, there is no beauty that we should desire him.

He is despised and rejected of men; a man of sorrows, and acquainted with grief: and we hid as it were our faces from him; he was despised, and we esteemed him not.

Surely he hath borne our griefs, and carried our sorrows: yet we did esteem him stricken, smitten of God, and afflicted.

But he was wounded for our transgressions, he was bruised for our iniquities: the chastisement of our peace was upon him; and with his stripes we are healed.

All we like sheep have gone astray; we have turned every one to his own way; and the Lord hath laid on him the iniquity of us all.

He was oppressed, and he was afflicted, yet he opened not his mouth: he is brought as a lamb to the slaughter, and as a sheep before her shearers is dumb, so he openeth not his mouth.

He was taken from prison and from judgment: and who shall declare his generation? for he was cut off out of the land of the living: for the transgression of my people was he stricken.

And he made his grave with the wicked, and with the rich in his death; because he had done no violence, neither was any deceit in his mouth.

10 Yet it pleased the Lord to bruise him; he hath put him to grief: when thou shalt make his soul an offering for sin, he shall see his seed, he shall prolong his days, and the pleasure of the Lord shall prosper in his hand.

11 He shall see of the travail of his soul, and shall be satisfied: by his knowledge shall my righteous servant justify many; for he shall bear their iniquities.

12 Therefore will I divide him a portion with the great, and he shall divide the spoil with the strong; because he hath poured out his soul unto death: and he was numbered with the transgressors; and he bare the sin of many, and made intercession for the transgressors.


Here is what the Christian New Testament says about it:


1 Corinthians 15

King James Version

15 Moreover, brethren, I declare unto you the gospel which I preached unto you, which also ye have received, and wherein ye stand;

By which also ye are saved, if ye keep in memory what I preached unto you, unless ye have believed in vain.

For I delivered unto you first of all that which I also received, how that Christ died for our sins according to the scriptures;

And that he was buried, and that he rose again the third day according to the scriptures:

And that he was seen of Cephas, then of the twelve:

After that, he was seen of above five hundred brethren at once; of whom the greater part remain unto this present, but some are fallen asleep.

After that, he was seen of James; then of all the apostles.

And last of all he was seen of me also, as of one born out of due time.

(written by the apostle Paul under the inspiration of the Holy Spirit)