“Dr. O’Sullivan helps the cause of truth . . .

. . . by his Excursus* on the ‘Adoration’ of the Church of Rome, addressed to Popes, and to Images.”

Baron Alfred Porcelli, The Antichrist: His Portrait and History, The Historicism Research Foundation, pp. 90-91.

*a detailed discussion of a particular point in a book, usually in an appendix; a digression in a written text. Thanks, Bing!

Book cover from Amazon

“Baron Alfred Porcelli, R.E., was born in Palermo, Italy, his father being Colonel Baron A.S.R. Porcelli di S. Andrea, supporter of Garibaldi the Italian liberator. His mother was a Scottish lady. As a young man, Baron Porcelli became a naturalized British subject and served Queen Victoria in the Royal Engineers. He died at Hove, November 4th, 1937, at the advanced age of eighty-eight years.”  AbeBooks.com

The following is a little difficult to read because of the many references within it and some Latin, but is well worth reading for its Biblical insight into Rome’s veneration of images.

I added Scripture links to a Catholic Bible, the 1899 Douay Rheims Version, because Porcelli referenced an edition of the Douay. At the end of the post, you’ll find Strong’s definitions of the two Biblical terms that demonstrate Rome’s error. I’m not a scholar but a wife and a former Catholic, whose Italian grandfather looked somewhat like the picture below. I’m grateful that Grandpop had a very different kind of life.

Pope Pius X


As Dr Sullivan shows (pp. 390 et seq.), “the affection or reverence which Romanism demands of her votaries for images and saints is adoration.” In the “Pontificale Romanum,” Rome, 1818 (Ordo ad recipiendum processionaliter Imperatorem) it is directed that “the Cross of the legate (i.e., an image), because Latria is due to it, shall be on the right.” She [Rome] gives to the worship which she commands the name of the worship which God forbids and reprobates. The name by which Romanism will have this species of worship known is not inappropriate. It is “douleia,” or, as the word should be presented in an English form, “slavery” or “bondage.” Thus, indeed, the word is translated in Rome’s Scriptures (Douai Bible, Rom. viii. 15Gal. iv. 24v. 1). Both the Romish and the more recently published Versions use the word “bondage” in Gal. iv. 24. The “adoration of bondage” is that which Romanism offers to her saints and images. In Romish Versions, the Second Commandment is rendered, “Thou shalt not adore’ them.” Rome says, “Thou shalt ‘adore’ them.”

The distinction between Latria and Douleia, i.e., the worship offered to God, and the worship offered to images, is not admitted by all Romish writers. Thus the Abbé Bergier says: “To express more clearness in their language, theologians call Latria the worship rendered to God, and Douleia that rendered to saints; but originally these two terms, derived from the Greek, signified equally service without distinction” (“Dictionnaire Théologique,” Art., Culte). We admit that originally and grammatically the terms Douleia and Latria are synonymous” (Ibid., Art., Dulie).

To get out of the difficulty Bergier declares that “the words Latria, Douleia, Cultus, service, etc., change their meaning according to the different objects to which they are applied” (Ibid., Art., Latria); thus pretending that “worship may have two meanings,” and arbitrarily assigning to words the meaning most convenient to Popery – not to Truth, not according to the reality of these things.

For, of course, there is a distinction between the words Douleia and Latria. Popery admits it, by rendering the one “bondage,” and the other “service” 2: the one is slavery, the other freedom. The one, Douleia, is the condition from which the Gospel delivers the redeemed (Rom. viii. 15, 21Gal. iv. 24, v. I; Heb. ii. 15); the other, the reverential acknowledgement made to God – as Deliverer – by the ransomed. [emphasis added]

Popery, therefore, has aptly chosen for its image worship the very name which testifies that while God gives liberty, Rome wishes to bring bondage. Thus is Rome’s opposition to God once more made manifest. She is ho antikeimenos, the Adversary, that sets up a Law opposed to the Will of God. [emphasis added]

2. Rom. xii. I. Rheimish Version [Douai, Douay Rheims] 1825. Stereotype Edition.

Douleia – Strong’s Number: 1397

1. slavery, bondage, the condition of a slave

Latreia – Strong’s Number: 2999

  1. service rendered for hire
    1. any service or ministration: the service of God
  2. the service and worship of God according to the requirements of the Levitical law
  3. to perform sacred services



13 thoughts on ““Dr. O’Sullivan helps the cause of truth . . .

  1. Thanks, Maria. Good examination of the distinction Catholicism makes between latria and dulia. And of course they reserve hyper-dulia for Mary. As the text points out, the difference between latria/worship and dulia/veneration gets a bit blurry in the mind of the zealous devotee. It’s a shame we have to even discuss this. “Veneration” of saints and objects is such a huge part of Catholicism. I don’t see anywhere in the New Testament where any such veneration of people or objects is alluded to in the slightest.

    Liked by 2 people

    • Tom, their words condemn them, both their use of latria (latreia) and dulia (douleia), for they use latria for the Host, adoring what their hands have made (we too once did this!), that is bread, and venerating images – dulia – that is being enslaved to images.

      Since you reminded me of veneration (adoration) given to Mary as hyper-dulia, I looked up the definition/derivation of hyper:

      Word Origin
      a prefix appearing in loanwords from Greek, where it meant “over,” usually implying excess or exaggeration (hyperbole); on this model used, especially as opposed to hypo-, in the formation of compound words (hyperthyroid).

      This means, I believe, that hyper-dulia is excessive enslavement to Mary. ?

      Matthew 12:33-37 

      33 “Either make the tree good and its fruit good, or else make the tree bad and its fruit bad; for a tree is known by its fruit. 34 Brood of vipers! How can you, being evil, speak good things? For out of the abundance of the heart the mouth speaks. 35 A good man out of the good treasure of his heart brings forth good things, and an evil man out of the evil treasure brings forth evil things. 36 But I say to you that for every idle word men may speak, they will give account of it in the day of judgment. 37 For by your words you will be justified, and by your words you will be condemned.”

      Liked by 2 people

      • Maria, thanks for the breakdown of “hyper-dulia.” A few times I’ve run across devotionals to Mary written by Louis de Montfort and Alphonse Liguori that are amazing to read – just so idolatrous and anti-Biblical. But Montfort’s argument was all veneration/worship of Mary was eventually directed to Jesus Christ so there were no limits. In practice, worship of Mary replaced worship of Christ.

        Liked by 2 people

        • Yes, who, they think wouldn’t run to their Mother’s protection – hide behind her skirt and peep out? It’s funny that you mentioned Liguori, Tom. Today, in this book by Porcelli, I read some things Liguori wrote about the priesthood. Yikes! I don’t know Louis de Montfort.

          Liked by 2 people

  2. Hi Maria … Sounds like your Grandpop knew the Lord. How awesome is that! My Italian Catholic family heard the Gospel when my husband and I were both saved in the late 1980’s. Sad to say most did not believe. However my mom did come to know the Lord after many years of witnessing, praying, and loving her. In her old age she witnessed to my father. I am so grateful. What an awesome thing it is to know the Lord! Be encourgaged Maria in your work for the Lord.

    Liked by 1 person

    • Cathy, I’m so glad to have you comment and I thank you for the encouragement. My Mom, Elena Rosa, was a single Mom and lived with her parents, my Grandpop and Grandmom Torelli. Grandpop died when I was seven so my perceptions of him are a child’s. He loved his wife, children, and grandchildren, and they thought very highly of him. He gave to us his Italian humor. I’m simply glad that he had a normal, loving life, but can’t say he is with the Lord Jesus Christ. This is superior to Pope Pius who exerted his will to a false and damning belief system, dragging people down with him. I wouldn’t want my Grandfather to be responsible for such evil. I hope he had simple faith in Jesus – neither he nor Grandmom went to Mass often. Who knows what the Lord did for them? The Lord was a Father to the fatherless for me.

      Because of your silent, consistent blogging ministry, I feel honored to hear from you, mia sorella ! Your husband’s teaching on YouTube is sound. Praying the Lord continues to direct you both!


  3. Thank you for your prayers and encouragement Maria. Much needed and appreciated. And yes, “who knows what the Lord did for them.” My dad too. Who knows what the Lord did for him. Blessings mia sorella 🙂

    Liked by 1 person

    • Grazie, Cathy ! About those we minister to, both family and strangers:

      Ephesians 3
      20 Now to Him who is able to do exceedingly abundantly above all that we ask or think, according to the power that works in us, 21 to Him be glory in the church by Christ Jesus to all generations, forever and ever. Amen.



    • Pastor Jim, me too – there is a lot to learn. And it is as you said “another world.” As a Catholic child I had all of the outward things and these were the subof my faith: my Baltimore Catechism, a missal (a kind of prayer book to follow Mass), my rosary and scapular (a kind of amulet), my first Communion book which had a small crucifix set into the inside front cover (I can’t remember what else this book contained, perhaps explanations about Mass and “receiving Jesus” in Holy Communion), statues, and beautifully illustrated holy cards. As long as I clung to these, went to Confession, Mass, and Communion, I felt safe. That is what I knew. There were Greek Orthodox relations and Jewish friends, neighbors and acquaintances, but not one Protestant. I believed Protestants were going to Hell because the rejected the one true church. Catholic mystics fascinated me, but when I read too much about them or by them, I became frightened – this aspect was a love/hate kind of interest. Serious study of Catholicism happened after the Lord saved me. There is so much to study because of its long long history. It is the great counterfeit of the Faith of Jesus Christ.

      Liked by 1 person

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