Historical insights – The Church of Rome’s law on the extermination of heretics

Lightning over the outskirts of Oradea, Romania, during the August 17, 2005 thunderstorm which went on to cause major flash floods over southern Romania. Wikipedia, Public Domain.

Luke 9

51 And it came to pass, when the time was come that he should be received up, he stedfastly set his face to go to Jerusalem, 52 and sent messengers before his face: and they went, and entered into a village of the Samaritans, to make ready for him. 53 And they did not receive him, because his face was as though he would go to Jerusalem. 54 And when his disciples James and John saw this, they said, Lord, wilt thou that we command fire to come down from heaven, and consume them, even as Elias did? 55 But he turned, and rebuked them, and said, Ye know not what manner of spirit ye are of. 56 For the Son of man is not come to destroy men’s lives, but to save them. And they went to another village.

 The Church of Rome has two sources of authority, Tradition and Holy Scripture. While this might sound benign it has led to deadly error. The suppression of heresy by the punishment, banishment, and extermination of heretics is one of the errors springing from Rome’s refusal to come under the sole authority of God’s Word. (John 8:31Proverbs 30:6)

I first learned about the extermination of heretics from Protestant sources, such as, The History of the Waldenses by J. A. Wylie, but here is a primary source that demonstrates that this was Catholic policy codified in law about the time of Rome’s Crusade against the Albigenses of Southern France.

Medieval Sourcebook:
Twelfth Ecumenical Council:
Lateran IV 1215

Source: Fordham University


Text. We excommunicate and anathematize every heresy that raises against the holy, orthodox and Catholic faith which we have above explained; condemning all heretics under whatever names they may be known, for while they have different faces they are nevertheless bound to each other by their tails, since in all of them vanity is a common element. Those condemned, being handed over to the secular rulers of their bailiffs, let them be abandoned, to be punished with due justice, clerics being first degraded from their orders. As to the property of the condemned, if they are laymen, let it be confiscated; if clerics, let it be applied to the churches from which they received revenues. But those who are only suspected, due consideration being given to the nature of the suspicion and the character of the person, unless they prove their innocence by a proper defense, let them be anathematized and avoided by all 1-intil [until] they have made suitable satisfaction; but if they have been under excommunication for one year, then let them be condemned as heretics. Secular authorities, whatever office they may hold, shall be admonished and induced and if necessary compelled by ecclesiastical censure, that as they wish to be esteemed and numbered among the faithful, so for the defense of the faith they ought publicly to take an oath that they will strive in good faith and to the best of their ability to exterminate in the territories subject to their jurisdiction all heretics pointed out by the Church; so that whenever anyone shall have assumed authority, whether spiritual or temporal, let him be bound to confirm this decree by oath. But if a temporal ruler, after having been requested and admonished by the Church, should neglect to cleanse his territory of this heretical foulness, let him be excommunicated by the metropolitan and the other bishops of the province. If he refuses to make satisfaction within a year, let the matter be made known to the supreme pontiff, that he may declare the ruler’s vassals absolved from their allegiance and may offer the territory to be ruled lay Catholics, who on the extermination of the heretics may possess it without hindrance and preserve it in the purity of faith; the right, however, of the chief ruler is to be respected as long as he offers no obstacle in this matter and permits freedom of action. The same law is to be observed in regard to those who have no chief rulers (that is, are independent). Catholics who have girded themselves with the cross for the extermination of the heretics, shall enjoy the indulgences and privileges granted to those who go in defense of the Holy Land.

We decree that those who give credence to the teachings of the heretics, as well as those who receive, defend, and patronize them, are excommunicated; and we firmly declare that after any one of them has been branded with excommunication, if he has deliberately failed to make satisfaction within a year, let him incur ipso jure the stigma of infamy and let him not be admitted to public offices or deliberations, and let him not take part in the election of others to such offices or use his right to give testimony in a court of law. Let him also be intestable, that he may not have the free exercise of making a will, and let him be deprived of the right of inheritance. Let no one be urged to give an account to him in any matter, but let him be urged to give an account to others. If perchance he be a judge, let his decisions have no force, nor let any cause be brought to his attention. If he be an advocate, let his assistance by no means be sought. If a notary, let the instruments drawn up by him be considered worthless, for, the author being condemned, let them enjoy a similar fate. In all similar cases we command that the same be observed. If, however, he be a cleric, let him be deposed from every office and benefice, that the greater the fault the graver may be the punishment inflicted.

If any refuse to avoid such after they have been ostracized by the Church, let them be excommunicated till they have made suitable satisfaction. Clerics shall not give the sacraments of the Church to such pestilential people, nor shall they presume to give them Christian burial, or to receive their alms or offerings; otherwise they shall be deprived of their office, to which they may not be restored without a special indult of the Apostolic See. Similarly, all regulars, on whom also this punishment may be imposed, let their privileges be nullified in that diocese in which they have presumed to perpetrate such excesses.

But since some, under “the appearance of godliness, but denying the power thereof,” as the Apostle says (II Tim. 3: 5), arrogate to themselves the authority to preach, as the same Apostle says: “How shall they preach unless they be sent?” (Rom. 10:15), all those prohibited or not sent, who, without the authority of the Apostolic See or of the Catholic bishop of the locality, shall presume to usurp the office of preaching either publicly or privately, shall be excommunicated and unless they amend, and the sooner the better, they shall be visited with a further suitable penalty. We add, moreover, that every archbishop or bishop should himself or through his archdeacon or some other suitable persons, twice or at least once a year make the rounds of his diocese in which report has it that heretics dwell, and there compel three or more men of good character or, if it should be deemed advisable, the entire neighborhood, to swear that if anyone know of the presence there of heretics or others holding secret assemblies, or differing from the common way of the faithful in faith and morals, they will make them known to the bishop. The latter shall then call together before him those accused, who, if they do not purge themselves of the matter of which they are accused, or if after the rejection of their error they lapse into their former wickedness, shall be canonically punished. But if any of them by damnable obstinacy should disapprove of the oath and should perchance be unwilling to swear, from this very fact let them be regarded as heretics.

We wish, therefore, and in virtue of obedience strictly command, that to carry out these instructions effectively the bishops exercise throughout their dioceses a scrupulous vigilance if they wish to escape canonical punishment. If from sufficient evidence it is apparent that a bishop is negligent or remiss in cleansing his diocese of the ferment of heretical wickedness, let him be deposed from the episcopal office and let another, who will and can confound heretical depravity, be substituted.

Any understanding of “extermination” as to send beyond the boundaries of, in other words, as to banish, denies the facts of history: the burnings of Savonarola, John Huss, Jerome of Prague, William Tyndale, and Archbishop Cranmer; the Albigensian Crusade; frequent wars of extermination against the peaceful Waldensian Christians; the massacre of French Reformed Christians (Huguenots) on St. Bartholomew’s feast day and the days following; and certainly, the Inquisition. These things happened because the Church of Rome instituted, and her people followed, the tradition of the temporal authority of the pope leading to the policy of extermination. This policy contradicts the clear teaching of the Lord Jesus Christ recorded in Luke 8.

I hope and pray that you will see that Tradition + Scripture = madness. Go back and reread the passage from Luke 8, please! If you wish to confront me with Protestant sins, I understand this and confess them.

Revelation 18

And I heard another voice from heaven, saying, Come out of her, my people, that ye be not partakers of her sins, and that ye receive not of her plagues. For her sins have reached unto heaven, and God hath remembered her iniquities. 



34 thoughts on “Historical insights – The Church of Rome’s law on the extermination of heretics

  1. Some years ago I stumbled on a piece that talked about this in greater detail. If I can relocate the site I will provide a link. It was an article about the catholic crusades to rid the world of these “heretics” once and for all (glad they were unsuccessful). It put the death toll at 50,000,000 plus, and merciless carnage unknown to the world at that time. Sound familiar? Fast forward to the muslims of our day. This article suggested that islam was a child of the catholic church birthed to handle the nastiness of the mass murder of the heretics. Since we have no hard and fast proof of this, let’s look at the similarities of these two religions of idolatry. Heretics (infidels) to be band and/or killed. Ruling with an iron fist and demanding total obedience to the edicts of their leaders (pope/imam). The demand for obedience goes too far and is actually slavery. They both (islam and catholics) hate the Lord Jesus Christ. Islam denies His existence as the Son of God and catholics keep Him on the cross, dying daily (supposedly) for their sins. Catholics may speak of the Resurrection, but they deny it every time they do a ‘mass.’ Their end game (muslims and catholics ) is present day world domination, no matter who they have to kill to accomplish this goal (think the crusades are over? think again). The current day push is for everyone to be a catholic (the “coming home” program they started a few years ago and the ecumenical garbage that has found it’s way into EVERY protestant denomination, no exceptions); or to be a muslim with the enactment and enforcement of their sharia law.

    Yet in the name of “love” Christians have fallen prey to the twisted logic of the same. Men and women, who may have in the past exhibited a loyalty to Christ are now found to be giving aid and comfort to the enemy. This is done for many reasons beginning with (no particular order) money, notoriety, peer prestige, and a good old fashioned ego trip. They may think they are doing God a service but the truth is they have become traitors to the Lord Jesus and the faith once for all delivered to the saints. There is no valid, biblical excuse for keeping one’s mouth closed in the face of aberrant doctrine, especially that which demeans the Savior. The order has gone out: “And have no fellowship with the unfruitful works of darkness, but rather expose them” Eph. 5:11. Today, it seems, that many are more interested in defending their favorite preacher than they are in defending the faith or standing firm for the integrity and veracity of the Lord Jesus Christ. [The list of those who stealthily call Christ a liar is staggering.] How such a thing squares with Scripture is beyond comprehension. In stead of doing the right thing, they will die on the hill of their go-to guy/gal; one could only wish they had the same love for Christ as they have love (albeit misplaced) for those who do Him harm.


    Liked by 2 people

    • Thank you for your comment, Darrel! About the 50,000,000 plus who died during the six centuries of Inquisition, there used to be a song online about this but now all I can find is a song by Mel Brooks. Your comparison of the two false religions of the Church of Rome and Islam is telling. About the RCC, at least one historian believed that if she could gain the majority in England again, the kid gloves would come off and she would use force to suppress dissension; that she appears in a gentler light when she is in the minority. This was Baron Porcelli’s contention in his book The Antichrist.

      Darrel, can your blog still be viewed?

      Liked by 1 person

  2. Thanks, Maria. This is very important information about an institution that claims to be completely infallible in matters of faith and morals. Regarding your qualifier at the end, yes, the early Reformers were unfortunately still influenced by Rome’s teaching that the state was subservient to the church, making heresy treasonous and punishable by death by civil magistrates. It would take several generations before this erroneous view on church-state partnership was overcome. We still see vestiges of it in the enthusiastic promotion of nationalism in some American evangelical churches.

    Liked by 2 people

    • Tom, thank you for your comment! Yes, it took time to sever the union between church and state. In modern history the state then sometimes became a kind of religion, as in Nazi Germany and the Communist U.S.S.R.; and in some places, being secular has become a religion as in France. About the U.S., I believe that in all countries where there is or was a major population of Christians, the desire is strong to live in a nation that acknowledges the Lord Jesus Christ. But He said, “My kingdom is not of this world,” and we must wait for Him.

      You wrote, “This is very important information about an institution that claims to be completely infallible in matters of faith and morals.” It is fallible in both things, so wrong and sad a claim!

      Liked by 1 person

      • Thanks for telling me, Maria! I still have to order it. I don’t know if I’m going to go the hardcopy route or streaming. Please let us know your thoughts after you’ve watched it. I thought the trailer looked very good, especially with contributions from Washer, Sproul, MacArthur, and Ferguson, all preachers I admire. As you know, I have a big soft spot for MLJ. The more I read about him, the more I admire his faith in the Lord and his stand against creeping ecumenism.

        Liked by 2 people

      • Well, Maria, I just checked the Amazon listing again and noticed all the extras for the first time. That seals it. My Amazon gift card I received for Father’s Day has been burning a hole in my pocket but no more.

        Liked by 1 person

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